Alaska State FactsPublished on June 11th, 2015 | by Brandon Ramsey in Geography
Alaska state facts are abundant, and this incredible state deserves to be known. Join us as we explore some interesting and unique things about this place:
1. Alaska was first discovered in 1741 when it was spotted during a Danish voyage. Vitus Jonassen Bering sighted it on this voyage from Siberia.
2. The first settlement was established in 1784 when Russian whalers and fur traders established it on Kodiak Island.
3. The discovery of gold in 1880 by Joe Juneau brought about a gold rush for Alaska.
4. The territory became part of the U.S. in 1867 when it was purchased in a deal known as “Seward’s Folly.”
5. During World War II, Japan invaded the Aleutian Islands which began the One Thousand Mile War. This was the first battle fought on American soil since the Civil War.
6. Alaska was the 49th state to be admitted to the Union on January 3, 1959.
7. Oil and natural gas are the most important sources of revenue for the state.
8. Alaska produces 25% of the U.S. oil.
9. You could fit the state of Rhode Island into Alaska 425 times.
10. Prudhose Bay on the north coast of Alaska, is the largest oil field in North America.
11. The Trans-Alaska Pipeline carries 800 barrels of oil every hour on a 800 mile stretch to Valdez.
12. Most of the salmon, crab, halibut, and herring consumed by Americans comes from Alaska.
13. The state’s flower is the wild forget-me-not. It was adopted in 1917.
14. The official state sport is dog mushing.
15. Alaska is sometimes known as “America’s Last Frontier.”
16. Almost one-third of Alaska is within the Arctic Circle.
17. The Alaska Highway began as a military supply road in World War II.
18. Alaska has the lowest population density in the U.S.
19. Alaska is the largest state, over twice the size of Texas. It is 1,400 miles long from north to south, and 2,700 miles from east to west.
20. Mount Augustine erupted near Anchorage in 1986.
21. The Tongass National Forest is the largest national forest in the United States.
22. 17 of the 20 highest peaks in the U.S. are within Alaska.
23. The largest city is Anchorage, the second largest is Fairbanks.
24. The record high temperature is 100 degrees Fahrenheit, and the record low is -80 degrees.
25. The state’s name is based on the Eskimo word Alakshak which means great lands or peninsula.
Of all the 50 U.S. States, Alaska is one of the most fascinating states, and these Alaska state facts will help you understand this place better than ever before.